In the last few lectures, we've looked at growth theory and the stakes involved in getting the basics wrong. We saw the Solow model's predictions about sustained capital accumulation (): keep population growth low, keep savings () and therefore investment() rather high, and try to curb depreciation on assets. Technical progress and human capital move the economy forward, potentially stimulating convergence of growth rates.
Now we'll move onto a micro-founded macro model developed in the later chapters of the Barro book. The basic idea is to specify four markets inside the economy: the products market, the bond market, the money market, and the labour market. We'll build our macroeconomic equilibria from behavioural assumptions about the actors in the model: households and firms. Households are assumed to want to maximise their incomes from all of these markets, subject to a budget constraint. Firms want to maximise profits. Their interactions, along with the usual macroeconomic accounting identities, such as , give us the macroeconomic equilibrium, called a general equilibrium.
Click the link below to download slides, handouts, etc.
Click the link below to download papers and interviews about growth, technical progress, and the micro-founded macro model.
Papers on Technical Progress
A.J. Julius, Steady-state growth and distribution with an endogenous direction of technical change, Metroeconomica, 56: 1, 2005 [note]
Papers on Barro's Microfounded Macromodel:
JAMES W. DEAN (1990) ON COMPLETING THE MICRO-FOUNDATIONS OF NEW CLASSICAL MACROECONOMIC MODELS*
- Economics for Business Lecture 16: Growth and Convergence
- Economics for Business Lecture 14
- Economics for Business Lecture 15: Growth Models
- Pedagogical Approaches to Theories of Endogenous versus Exogenous Money: Pluralism in Action?
- Notes to Self: Blanchard on the Future of Macroeconomics
- De Grauwe on DSGE Models
- EC4004, Economics for Business, Lecture 1